The Finnish sauna is a dry bath with dry hot air - air temperature is 70-90 degrees Celsius with a humidity of 5-15%. The air temperature in the steam room can reach up to 140 degrees.
In the Russian bath, humidity is about 20-65% ("hot", "classical"), and the temperature is about 70 degrees Celsius. At this temperature and humidity, the brooms do not dry during the entire hovering process, and breathe more or less comfortably. Comfort of breathing in this case is determined by the size of the droplets of steam, which is formed after the water is poured onto the stones of the furnace.
Modern Turkish bath is a steam room. The Turkish bath has a high humidity of up to 80-100% and a relatively low temperature from +40 to +45℃.
Premises with heated niches and seats, in the center of which there is a structure consisting of a metal heated tray with herbs (lavender, chamomile, sage) and a wooden bucket. From the bucket every 5-6 minutes water is supplied to the hot grass and an aromatic steam is created in the room. The temperature rises gradually and reaches 52-55℃, humidity is 50-60%, there are no serious loads on the heart.
In the salt bath, the air temperature is about 65℃, and the relative humidity is about 30%. If the temperature in the steam room is kept at about 40-45℃ the time for visiting the steam room can be made up to 20-30 minutes.
Infrared sauna is a closed room, equipped with infrared emitters. When heated, the tree begins to release useful biologically active substances - phytoncides. The working temperature for a sauna can be considered 37-47℃.
At the heart of aroma sauna is the effect on the human body of natural aromatic oils and herbs, which is enhanced by deep warming of the body. The temperature reaches a peak at 55℃. The equipment for aroma sauna is, first of all, an oven with a control unit, an aromatization and steaming system. Bowls are usually equipped with special dispensers, controlled from the control unit.
The steam room, arranged as a hamam, completely finished with a stone, with heated marble seats, loungers, tables and "warm floors". The air temperature in this steam room reaches 40-60℃ with a humidity of 100%. The room with 2 pools - one with cool (20-25℃) water, the other - with a warmed up to 40-45℃.
The distinctive features of the Egyptian bath are a steam bath with a soft, enveloping steam and comfortable low temperatures of 30-45℃ with a humidity of 80-100%. In addition, in Egyptian baths, mud treatment and rubbing with aromatic oils are practiced.
Sanariumium (Chromotherapy) is a new integrated method of heat therapy, which combines a traditional sauna, as well as sound therapy, color therapy and aromatherapy, and to all this added equipment that supplies oxygen. The sanarium is equipped with a lighting system (with a color selection console), an acoustic system for playing relaxing music or sounds of nature. The heat is kept at a level from 40 to 60℃, with the humidity of the air in the room from 20 to 50%.
Air in the biosauna warms up to 40-60℃ and humidity of air 55-65%.
The temperature in the Caldarium is comfortable 37-45℃, and the humidity is high, which creates pleasant conditions for rest.
Laconium is a Greek sauna, one of the types of warm and dry sauna, in which the heat comes from heated stone surfaces. The air temperature in laconium is 45-55℃ with an air humidity of only 15-25%. Ergonomic seats and lounges curved shapes mosaic. The surface temperature of the seats is 30-35℃, the floor is 40-45℃ and the walls are 60-70 ℃. Often in the center of the room a fountain with drinking water is installed.
In SPA-centers the African bath for Psammotherapy services is reproduced with the help of special equipment. These are special baths or boxes with electric heating, filled with sand.